11 Curious Things You Ought to Know About Mangoes

Everything you need to know about this exotic, tropical fruit.

Photo by Marco Verch, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr

1. Mangoes come in all sorts of colours, shapes, and sizes.

There’s about 400 varieties of mangoes recorded by the USDA. They come in various sizes. Some trees bare small mangoes that can be 5 centimetres long, while the long varieties can grow up to 25 centimetres. They contain a single pit that sticks to the pulp.

2. Mango plants are native to Southeast Asia and India.

Mangoes are grown in tropical and subtropical countries. In India, Pakistan and the Philippines, mango is the national fruit. Three countries sharing the limelight. The mango tree was declared the national tree of Bangladesh in 2010.

4. The Indian yellow is made from urine of cows fed on mango leaves.

The Latin name for mango is Mangifera indica, which literally translates to “mango-bearing plants from India.” People in India used to call the fruit “Aamra-Phalam,” which later, after several long transformations, became the “mango” we know today. In other countries, this sweet smelling fruit is known as manga, mangga, mangot, mangou, and mangue.

“Goddess Bhadrakali Worshipped by the Gods” from Freer Gallery of Art

5. Mango tree is the original evergreen.

The mango tree is a tropical plant, so it survives the hot climates. It is a fruit-bearing evergreen tree that often yields in double-crop harvests. The trees can live for a long time, up to 300-years-old and still bearing fruits.

6. Mango is the king of fruits.

Mango has a reputation as the king of fruits for the various health benefits it offers. This bright coloured, tasty fruit is considered one of the most widely consumed fresh fruits in the world, and every year we produce up to 20 million metric tons of mangoes. It has been cultivated for over 6,000 years.

7. Don’t judge their ripeness by the colours.

Photo by Brigitte Tohm on Unsplash

8. Mangoes have different flavours.

Mangoes can have many differing flavours. The taste of mango is a combination of three chemicals belonging to the ester, furanone, and terpene classes. How a mango would taste is determined by the balance of these three chemicals, so mangoes from one cultivar can taste very different from another. Your mangoes will also vary greatly in taste during the different stages of ripeness.

9. Cook mangos for every meal.

Photo by Marco Verch, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr

10. Mangoes are nutritious.

They are packed with 20 different vitamins and minerals. The unripe ones are high in Vitamin C, and the ripe ones contain more Vitamin A. The fruit contains papin, which is an acid-based marinade that helps in meat tenderization. It also contains antioxidants known to be effective against many diseases, including diabetes. One cup of mango contains only 100 calories.

11. Mangoes are the most consumed fruit in the world!

Everywhere in the world, and in its home in Southeast Asia, mango is consumed. There are many popular varieties of mangoes around the world. The Haden is a popular cultivar introduced in Florida in the 20th century. The Tommy Atkins make up the majority of mangoes sold in the US and the UK. Other varieties are Valencia Pride, Edward, Kent, and Alphonso.

Photo by Marco Verch, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr

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